Python Selenium Save As Pdf

普通にコマンドプロンプトからでも大丈夫です。 ②chromeドライバをダウンロード. Python is one of the best programming languages to learn first. Casting in python is therefore done using constructor functions: int() - constructs an integer number from an integer literal, a float literal (by rounding down to the previous whole number), or a string literal (providing. You will probably already know that Excel is a spreadsheet application developed by Microsoft. 1ubuntu1) [universe] Tool for paperless geocaching alembic (0. txt) or read online for free. Welcome to DevelopMentor's Python quick start booklet. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. The urllib2 module can be used to download data from the web (network resource access). Multiple examples that we’ve added can help you to get a quick heads-up on while working with Selenium using Python. Python is a high level open source scripting language. Selenium Eclipse v. Steps to Download File using Selenium and Verifying the existence of the file in C-sharp. First published in 1991 with a name inspired by the British comedy group Monty Python, the. This is a living, breathing guide. To post to this group, send email to [email protected] t Road to verify PDF file text using java webdriver. doc or PDF file extensions. Save time and stop worrying about support, security and license compliance. I like python pdf in light of the fact that it is an incredible device that gives me a chance to take crude promoting information, outline it. Selenium Python Webdriver Tutorial How To Convert pdf to word without software - Duration. imaplib is a built in Python module, hence you don’t need to install anything. Also Python is a free. test and nose. Search Search. Welcome to Google's Python Class -- this is a free class for people with a little bit of programming experience who want to learn Python. Notice: Undefined index: HTTP_REFERER in /home/forge/theedmon. Selenium tutorial for beginners- Learn Selenium from scratch to advanced with this Selenium tutorial. 2-3ubuntu1) lightweight database migration tool for SQLAlchemy. 学习过程中有不懂的可以加入我们的学习交流秋秋圈784中间758后面214,与你分享Python企业当下人才需求及怎么从零基础学习Python,和学习什么内容。相关学习视频资料、开发工具都有分享. txt) or read online for free. ARROW_DOWN(). Install and manage the Selenium server in just a few steps. In this article, we use unittest as the test framework for Python Selenium WebDriver. php(143) : runtime-created function(1) : eval()'d code(156) : runtime-created. xlwings is an open-source Python library that makes it easy to automate Excel with Python. Selenium Java Interview Questions - Free download as PDF File (. In the previous post, we had discussed about the installation of Java, and configuration of Eclipse with selenium WebDriver. Start by launching the Eclipse IDE and create a new Java project. In this article, we use unittest as the test framework for Python Selenium WebDriver. 如果想截取整个窗口的话,可以使用 driver. Chromedriver options. Better web scraping in Python with Selenium, Beautiful Soup, and pandas Photo by Hunter Haley on Unsplash Web Scraping. Google Maps Scraper Python. Now it's possible to run Kimurai spiders usi. It focuses on getting and analyzing text data. Selenium delegates XPath queries down to the browser's own XPath engine, so Selenium support XPath supports whatever the browser supports. net Request course طلب. In previous article we have seen about What is Selenium Webdriver? In this article we are concentrating on implementation of the WebDriver, we will see how to selenium webdriver download and configure the Selenium Webdriver with Eclipse & run your first selenium web driver script. Develops and executes automated and/or manual software quality assurance testing. We've tried to make this Selenium Webdriver Python tutorial as intuitive as we could. Search Search. If you already know why you need to use a browser to retrieve all of the data from such a webpage, and are just looking to learn how to use Selenium, feel free to skip the first. Also a place to find remote Python developers. now i have to read a pdf's content. 利用 Python + Selenium 实现对页面的指定元素截图(可截长图元素) save_fn= "capture. Python / Django backend web development Ample Studio - Barcelona, Spain. Andy Craze. Start by launching the Eclipse IDE and create a new Java project. 本文来自于导师布置的一次任务,任务需要把econometrica从2000年以来的所有文章下载下来,我估计了一下,大概有将近1500篇论文,这一个一个手动下载,下到什么时候是个头哟,自然就想到了用爬虫。. The programming language Python has not been created out of slime and mud but out of the programming language ABC. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. Problem Set 1 Handed out: Monday, September 12, 2016. If you already know why you need to use a browser to retrieve all of the data from such a webpage, and are just looking to learn how to use Selenium, feel free to skip the first. Javascript (Node) Examples in this presentation will be in Python GETTING UP AND RUNNING Assumptions. PDFTables has a PDF to Excel API that can be used with PHP, Java, Python, R and more. Python knows that red is 5, so it also sets yellow to be 5. Home >> Selenium Tutorials >> Extract PDF text And Verify Text Present in PDF using WebDriver Submitted by harrydev on Sun, 04/12/2015 - 05:58 How to achieve this in Automation. The way to run a python file is like this on the command line:. I have a date shown in the header. com to enroll Selenium is a popular open source tool that is being widely used as an automation of test cases. As Green Tea Press, I published the first Python version in 2001. Apply to 6591 new Python Selenium Jobs across India. 1 and port 4444. We will use ChromeOptions to set browser preferences [much simpler way] Disable file save dialog; set download path. It is succinctly described in PEP 282. Selenium-RC provides an API (Application Programming Interface) and library for each of its supported languages: HTML, Java, C#, Perl, PHP, Python, and Ruby. In a situation. If you find a table on the web like this: We can convert it to JSON with:. Selenium download file python chrome. 7, BeautifulSoup, and lxml. So my script works beautifully until I click to download the file I want. Writing a CSV file with Python can be done by importing the CSV module and creating a write object that will be used with the WriteRow Method. Selenium是一个主要用于Web应用程序自动化测试的工具集合,在行业内已经得到广泛的应用。本书介绍了如何用Python语言调用Selenium WebDriver接口进行自动化测试。主要内容为:基于Python 的 Selenium. You will learn about the types of automation frameworks, details of thes…. • Available in Ruby, Python, Java, C-Sharp … and so on. We take a = look at how you can use PhantomJS, Selenium WebDriver, and Python to run your web acceptance tests, as it enables faster testing without overhead. save it with a specific name and move. In previous post, we have seen how to upload files using robot class and upload files using AutoIT. Python identify blocks of code by indentation. all code is structured using page object model. In previous article we have seen about What is Selenium Webdriver? In this article we are concentrating on implementation of the WebDriver, we will see how to selenium webdriver download and configure the Selenium Webdriver with Eclipse & run your first selenium web driver script. The thing that I felt that is missing in the materials was a sheet containing all of the most relevant code snippets. Road to create test script using Pywinauto Pywinauto is python based GUI automation tool, using this we can automate windows application. Type in the entry box, then click Enter to save your note. In browsers which don't have native XPath engines (IE 6,7,8), Selenium supports XPath 1. Python Tutorial, Release 3. How can I accomplish this using Google. Write your own or install one that someone else has already written. I have a date shown in the header. I have a task to generate thumbnails of uploaded PDF's. selenium-webdriver-book. Pandas has a neat concept known as a DataFrame. Python and Selenium offer a simple but powerful framework to script any testing. Also Check for Jobs with similar Skills and Titles Top Python Selenium Jobs* Free Alerts Shine. Selenium IDE Selenium RC Selenium Grid Selenese Testing With Selenium FEATURES OF SELENIUM Selenium is a Functional Automation tool for Web applications. ActionChains (driver) ¶. Python was develop by Guido van Rossum. In these cases you may need to disguise your webscraping bot as a human being. Selenium Python Webdriver Tutorial How To Convert pdf to word without software - Duration. They are extracted from open source Python projects. Selenium: The uno cal Python documentation is great (link). Also, I'm using selenium to take a screenshot of a javascript chart so I can output it on a pdfI've read that phantomjs would be another way to do this, however, from a cursory review of the forums it looks like phantomjs is not supported on pythonanywhere. 岡山Python勉強会(通称:おっPy) 立ち上げスタッフ 主催者のはずの“#た”が福山に戻っちゃった で現在は、ほぼ主催者状態。 コミュニティ 4. Checkout for the best 551 Selenium Ui Job Openings in Hyderabad. -Replay saved test cases: use of Selenium Core • Allow to export test cases to different formats-Java, Groovy, Python, C#, PHP, Perl-Exported test cases: Selenium RC Client • Extensible-Open a lost of possibilities !! Selenium IDE! •. Edit menu allows us to Undo, Redo, Cut, Copy, Paste, Delete and Select All commands. If you google it, you will find several similar cheat sheets (Java, Python), but the C# one was missing. Is it possible to use PhantomJS's rendering to PDF capabilities when PhantomJS is being used in combination with Selenium and Python? (ie. Angular Design Patterns: Implement the Gang of Four patterns in your apps with Angular. So I decided to fill that gap. Now we're going to take the red variable, and set it to the value of the blue variable. Test Automation Using Selenium WebDriver with Java Navneesh Garg • Selenium WebDriver 2. Then, name the test project as , you can change the name if you wish. …I'm going to go to my browser and open…the official Python Selenium. The Early Bird Price for Authority Rainmaker ends today, so I had a message planned for today making one final case for why you should join us in Denver, Colorado this May. Apply filter on 2nd and 3rd column of user worksheet and save workbook. Even after you input your credentials and ask the browser to save those, still the pop up would show up again. 关于自动化测试的介绍,网上已有很多资料,这里不再赘述,UI自动化测试是自动化测试的一种,也是测试金字塔最上面的一层,selenium是应用于web的自动化测试工具,支持多平台、多浏览器、多语言来实现自动化,优点如下:. If you need help with this, check out the ReadMe in the Python example scripts repository on GitHub. Python Rest Api Framework Documentation, Release 0. This gets the current directory the code is being run from and returns it as a string. The openpyxl module allows your Python programs to read and modify Excel spreadsheet files. Advanced Usage of Selenium WebDriver - Free download as PDF File (. section on using Selenium. Bases: object ActionChains are a way to automate low level interactions such as mouse movements, mouse button actions, key press, and context menu interactions. The module supports HTTP, HTTPS, FTP and several other protocols. In a situation. 0, we can export the currently opened test case in Ruby, Python 2, C# and Java languages to be used along with their corresponding unit testing frameworks. In the previous post, we had discussed about the installation of Java, and configuration of Eclipse with selenium WebDriver. Dictionary is the standard and commonly used mapping type in Python. In previous post, we have seen how to upload files using robot class and upload files using AutoIT. Selenium client drivers • Enables communication with Selenium Remote Control Server. " This is especially true for User Interface bugs. Start My Free Month. Currently, builds for following Python versions are. How do I create a Firefox profile using Selenium (Python 3. If you want to use IE, i think you need to use Auto it to perform windows action to close the popup dialog f. Advanced Usage of Selenium WebDriver - Free download as PDF File (. It's an excellent book, fun to read and full of vital information. What we'd really like to do is to interact with the pages, or, more specifically, the HTML elements within a page. Maybe I'll finally stop typing it as Pythong. It can also be controlled with the BROWSER environment variable. Typically, we will see a pop up message as below. pdfkit is one of the better approaches as, it renders HTML into PDF with various image formats, HTML. Selenium Grid Screenshot Capture While working with Selenium Grids, we should ensure that we are taking the screenshots correctly from the remote system. Excel warriors, A cheeky request for a bit of scripting- could anyone please provide me with VBA code to save the current active sheet as a. In 2003 I started teaching at Olin College and I got to teach Python for the first time. Interact with flash, PDF, or Java Applets,. Meet Django. And PNG and PDF are different kind of formats. Python Setup and Usage how to use Python on different platforms. Through Selenium Python API you can access all functionalities of Selenium WebDriver in an intuitive way. Supported languages are Java, Ruby, Python, and C#. Comparing Pdf Documentations With Selenium, Comparing Pdf Documentations With Selenium WebDriver, Read Pdf documentations with Selenium, Testing Pdf files with Selenium, Selenium verify text inside a pdf, Selenium Web Driver Pdf verification, extract data from Pdf in Selenium. The following are code examples for showing how to use wand. Now, I want to save that plot as a PNG or JPEG. They can introduce new commands to the IDE or integrate with a third-party service. Regards Rasanga On Wednesday, April 25, 2012 8:17:33 AM UTC+1, Selenium User. This login script will allow you to login a website with python. import urllib. com/public/mz47/ecb. I like python pdf in light of the fact that it is an incredible device that gives me a chance to take crude promoting information, outline it. Selenium Webdriver Python Tutorial for Web Automation. Selenium Sponsors. If you do want to use Python for whatever reason, urllib. Here, instructor Bhoomika Agarwal shows how to use the combination of Selenium WebDriver and Python code to automate web UI tests. Selenium is a great tool for Web UI Automation. Python Projects for $25 - $50. As far as I know, It is not supported by Selenium. Can anyone please suggest how can I extract data from a web page and save it to a text/doc file using Selenium. Having tried numbers of things, I still can't get it figured out. Build a website screenshot generator. - Selection from Automate the Boring Stuff with Python [Book]. Customize Python scripts to suit your demands in everyday spheres of work. section on using Selenium. DataStore. Selenium Python bindings provides a simple API to write functional/acceptance tests using Selenium WebDriver. Selenium WebDriver. Watch Now This tutorial has a related video course created by the Real Python team. de/shop/Aktuell/ to get the prices and titles I. The Python extension supports testing with Python's built-in unittest framework as well as pytest. We start from beginners' level and go through to advanced level. Il permet d'interagir avec différents navigateurs web de même que le ferait un utilisateur de l'application. You should have a Selenium environment with the bindings for Python set up on the local machine where you'll launch your tests. Notice: Undefined index: HTTP_REFERER in /home/forge/theedmon. Road to apply assertions in jmeter wsdl web services. Specifically, Selenium IDE doesn’t provide iteration or conditional statements for test scripts. you can simply save the project and. HTMLParser. Wish can give you some help. JSON can’t store every kind of Python value. …I have a Python script already. 4 Downloading Selenium server Note: The Selenium server is only required, if you want to use the remote WebDriver. But, it is a bit different here. x was the last monolithic release of IPython, containing the notebook server, qtconsole, etc. Through Selenium Python API you can access all functionalities of Selenium WebDriver in an intuitive way. Windows users: There are now "web-based" installers for Windows platforms; the installer will download the needed software components at installation time. RobusTest, Release 2 For example, the text in this case might not be changed anytime soon, so you could check that option, and it’ll automatically show the updated xpath based on the text attribute. Casting in python is therefore done using constructor functions: int() - constructs an integer number from an integer literal, a float literal (by rounding down to the previous whole number), or a string literal (providing. But if you need to use None as a valid item in your sequence of values, then it is easy enough to define some other unique value (e. Then, when developing a function inside a module, run this function’s tests frequently, ideally automatically when you save the code. Test automation has specific advantages for improving the long-term efficiency of a software team’s testing processes. You can also save this page to your account. Always check your python version and install wxPython for the same version ***32 bit - check your python ver by running command python and install same bit wxpython. Suppose that you have been listening to music on bandcamp for a while now, and you find. The exploit must be able to bypass runtime and scan time anti-virus and anti-scanner software. A better method would be to write a small script that automates this process. It works great for reporting, unit tests and user defined functions (UDFs). 04 LTS) with Python/Selenium 0 I am trying to get Chrome running in headless mode with Python, but for some reason I only get a blank page back no matter what website I try to read. Selenium with Python in IE 11: Unable to click on the Open or Save or Save as in the OS popup window 1 Selenium Webdriver with Python - Unable to click on "Open" or "Save" or "Save as". Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. You'll explore a number of real-world scenarios where every part of the development/product life cycle will be fully covered. PDF for easy Reference. It takes care of getting screenshots of your application from the underlying WebDriver, sending them to the Eyes server for validation and failing the test in case differences are found. …I have a Python script already. An open source and collaborative framework for extracting the data you need from websites. Programmer Books. 1 Controller Manage the way you handle request. Subject: [selenium-users] Unable to save PDF file opened in browser in webdriver -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Selenium Users" group. Here is the solution for few of the mentioned problems: Q. save it with a specific name and move. I click a link through Selenium and a pdf gets open. This feature of Python makes the testing easier and a developer can focus more on programming. unittest2: A backport of new unittest features for Python 2. With our scanning component, you can perform direct scanner to editable document transformation. Setting up Python 3. pdf), Text File (. We’ve divided the Selenium Webdriver commands into logical sections so that you can identify and prioritize the ones you want to learn first and leave those which you would consider later. • Available in Ruby, Python, Java, C-Sharp … and so on. Save the Testing Goat Campaign The campaign page, preserved for history, which led to the glorious presence of the Testing Goat on the front of the book. Automatically save pages to PDF from Selenium (OS X). Other Results for Selenium Download Embedded Pdf: How to Upload & Download a File using Selenium … In this tutorial, we will learn How to deal with files upload and download using Selenium WebDriver and Wget. If you are a data scientist or want to learn data science with Python track, here are five critical skills you need to develop as a beginner. As you can see, with Selenium IDE version 2. Related course: Browser Automation with Python Selenium Take screenshot Selenium Selenium will start the given web browser and open the page. Uncheck the box "Ask where to save. IPython is a growing project, with increasingly language-agnostic components. This acclaimed book by Gundecha Unmesh is available at eBookMall. 1 and port 4444. Ilan Malyanker, automation developer at LivePerson presented: "Selenium WebDriver Element locators" As part of "Selenium Israel Meetup #3", at Google Campus TL… Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. IntroductionExampleRegexOther MethodsPDFs Other Methods: Navigating the Parse Tree With parent you move up the parse tree. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. 6 Many new features were added to unittest in Python 2 Test python program. Start My Free Month. Here is the code: from PIL import Image import os # make subfolder newdir. I am trying to automate "Save as PDF" of Chrome using selenium. Specific skills:. Selenium Testing Training in Chennai Enroll for Selenium Testing Training in Chennai with Metaforum Technologies,Vadapalani. Python Testing with pytest Simple, Rapid, Effective, and Scalable by Brian Okken. You can use this easily accessible tool to organize, analyze and store your data in tables. Windows users: There are now "web-based" installers for Windows platforms; the installer will download the needed software components at installation time. The Selenium WebDriver Recipes book is a quick problem-solving guide to automated testing web applications with Selenium WebDriver. selenium WebDriver tutorial post to describe how to download different files from web page during test execution like text file, PDF file, CSV file, MS Excel or word files by setting firefox profile. Python in Blender is an important tool to enhance and extend Blenders already vast functionality. If you are webscraping with Python chances are that you have already tried urllib, httplib, requests, etc. I have a task to generate thumbnails of uploaded PDF's. "Great pdf generator for finance: Python PDF is an incredible library which gives me a chance to take unstructured information and structure it in a manner that can't be altered vindictively by outsiders. Using Tesseract OCR with Python. And that will go ahead and download and install everything that we need for Selenium. It can contain values of only the following data types: strings, integers, floats, Booleans, lists, dictionaries, and NoneType. When Python executes this line, you say that Python is calling the print() function and the string value is being passed to the function. Buy the Learning Selenium Testing Tools with Python ebook. How To Automate Firefox Or Chrome With Excel VBA And Selenium like browser images, PDF files, keyboard keys, and more. I need a program that will enable me to bulk download the. If your goal, as it seems, is to download the PDF you can do that by just downloading the URL by whatever means you like - you shouldn't need to use a webdriver (or any Python at all) for that, just load it with curl in a shell script. Wish can give you some help. So we'll use pip install selenium. SELENIUM RC: A largest network place for mock interviews, faq's, overviews, web-references, questions and answers for SELENIUM RC. execute_script Skills: Javascript , Python , Selenium Webdriver , Web Scraping. I will try to help as much as possible here. The server responds to the request by returning the HTML content of the webpage. Screenshots in Selenium are saved as PNG. Watch Now This tutorial has a related video course created by the Real Python team. You can also save this page to your account. One can save recorded script in multiple languages such as JAVA/Ruby/c#/python. Maybe I'll finally stop typing it as Pythong. Selenium WebDriver is one of the most sought-after skills on this planet, and you can learn it today. Module concept in Python. common except NoSuchElementException: continue def save (self. Today we’ll spend some time looking at three different ways to make Python submit a web form. 小编后续有空再翻译下吧,英文水平有限。在学习过程中有遇到疑问的,可以加selenium(python+java) QQ群交流:646645429 《selenium+python高级教程》已出书:selenium webdriver基于Python源码案例 (购买此书送对应PDF版本) python2. Before you can read, append or write to a file, you will first have to it using Python's built-in open() function. 3 RC1 I know! But recordings from penetration tests performed, are not really an option Unlike a screenshot, with Selenium IDE, you can‟t just obfuscate the URL!. The server responds to the request by returning the HTML content of the webpage. The logging module has been a part of Python’s Standard Library since version 2. You can sponsor the Selenium project if you'd like some public recognition of your generous contribution. This ability to use Selenium-RC with a high-level programming language to develop test cases also allows the automated testing to be integrated with a project’s automated build environment. If you are a quality testing professional, or a software or web application developer looking to create automation test scripts for your web applications, with an interest in Python, then this is the perfect guide for you. The Selenium WebDriver API, which you can use to create tests by using a scripting language of your choice. If you are about to ask a "how do I do this in python" question, please try r/learnpython, the Python discord, or the #python IRC channel on FreeNode. pdf - Free download as PDF File (. Top Jobs* Free Alerts Shine. Download And Save Image Using Selenium WebDriver + Actions + Robot Downloading Image from web page Is easy but It Is tricky task In selenium WebDriver. We've included it here due to is popularity in Python 2. I am currently using selenium (in java) to automatically navigate through webpages in hopes of saving their contents to the local drive in PDF format. Il entre ainsi dans la catégorie des outils de test dynamique (à l'inverse des tests statiques qui ne nécessitent pas l'exécution du logiciel) facilitant le test. package com. This can be done over HTTP using the urllib package or the requests library. CameronLaird calls the yearly decision to keep TkInter "one of the minor traditions of the Python world. Notice: Undefined index: HTTP_REFERER in /home/forge/theedmon. 1 Controller Manage the way you handle request. (Ruby/Python. 53 and before). Web application test automation with Robot Framework Robot Framework and Selenium 2 in 64-bit Windows 7. save_screenshot() 。 Selenium + Python的自动化框架搭建. So my script works beautifully until I click to download the file I want. selenv\Scripts\python. Learn how to select all the text on webpage using Selenium Python WebDriver. This article presents scripts for not only saving a PDF file to disk, but also for saving the PDF to different formats, such as an image file, MS Word, text. Code, Compile, Run and Debug python program online. The following are code examples for showing how to use selenium. But what about if you want to run your WebDriver-based scraper somewhere on a headless Linux server?. The following are code examples for showing how to use selenium. Direct download via magnet link. This has a number of benefits: 1) The victim doesn't have to. In a fast, simple, yet extensible way. Can anyone please suggest how can I extract data from a web page and save it to a text/doc file using Selenium. 1- Create a Selenium Webdriver TestNG project in Eclipse. x line of releases. Obey the Testing Goat website by Harry J. Skills: Test Automation See more: selenium automation framework setup using selenium webdriver, testng, pageobject model, java, test web application using qtp, test web based application using qtp, software testing, website testing, asp. Both Jenkins and Selenium code is written in Java. It is unique in that it combines the speed and XML feature completeness of these libraries with the simplicity of a native Python API, mostly compatible but superior to the well-known ElementTree API. Selenium WebDriver is one of the most sought-after skills on this planet, and you can learn it today. Selenium? WebDriver? microblog/253 Finally trying to have a go at learning Python. In this post, we’ll thoroughly explain the step-by-step process for enabling Serialization of Python objects. Prerequisites. Then, name the test project as , you can change the name if you wish. You should have a Selenium environment with the bindings for Python set up on the local machine where you'll launch your tests. Play around with and modify live example code. I would like to automatically save selected pages to PDF when specific test conditions arise. This acclaimed book by Gundecha Unmesh is available at eBookMall. Thanks Prince Bhatia for the A2A. Read Download Selenium Testing Tools Cookbook - Second Edition | Ebook PDF Online Download Here https://limajutarupiah40. It has efficient high-level data structures and a simple but effective approach to object-oriented programming. Learn how to Click URL by Link Text in Python Selenium Webdriver. Python is an object-orientated language, and as such it uses classes to define data types, including its primitive types. As you can see, with Selenium IDE version 2. pdf, download(2). That object provides basic functions and methods necessary to manipulate files by default. You should read the Best Practices for Running Tests. Always run the full test suite before a coding session, and run it again after. Previously I described usages of Actions class of selenium WebDriver In test cases to perform tricky actions. we first need to decide is this really required to automate, if your answer is Yes then proceed further to see how we can achieve this. They are extracted from open source Python projects.